In 1939 Jan graduated as an instrument-maker but in 1940, he went to Vestfold to fight against the German invasion. The battle was soon lost however and after escaping to Sweden, where he was convicted of espionage and expelled, he travelled to Britain via the USSR, Africa, and USA, eventually arriving in 1941 where he then joined the “Norwegian Independent Company 1”
As a diplomat and businessman, Raoul was appointed legation secretary of the Swedish diplomatic mission in Budapest in June 1944. His job was to launch a rescue operation for Jews, and he became head of a special department.
Algoth spent the latter part of the 1930’s in Germany, where he helped more than 150 Jews to escape via various devious routes through the Netherlands and Estonia using forged and stolen passports.
Gunnar served as a flight mechanic during World War Two at Jämtland’s Air Flotilla F 4. It was his service there that probably game him the nickname “Spökis”, meaning “Ghost”. While there are many ideas on how he got this name, his night missions near the Norwegian border.
In order to create debate and raise awareness about his plight, Folke Pudas went on a hunger strike for 3 months in 1983, lying in a hand-nailed wooden box (now famously referred to as a Puda box) on Sergels torg, in front of the Swedish Parliament.